Neoclassic architecture

Stock Exchange Palace
Photo:  Pinguim DesignAll Rights Reserved

In the course of the second half of the eighteenth century Porto underwent great urban and architectural changes. Under the guidance of João de Almada e Melo, a plan was laid out which foresaw the renovation of the old city and the structuring of zones that had developed outside the city walls. The co-ordination of the building work was a responsibility of the “Junta das Obras Públicas” and was financed by a tax on the wine trade.

The reconstruction of the Ribeira Square, the opening of new roads and the creation of riverbank esplanades are signs of a new spirit and a taste for more open, lit spaces for both function and leisure.

The construction of the Santo António Hospital, one of many buildings given to the city by the Almadas, introduced the neopalladian style to the city, which at the time was the dominating architecture in England. This is clearly shown by the influence of the English community, especially through the Consul, John Whitehead, creator of one of the structures that mark the era: the English Factory. These buildings already show solutions that would be used in the civil and religious buildings that followed: mezzanines, smooth-surfaced façades, classic colonnades and pediments, guillotine windows.

The neo-classical civil buildings in Porto are the following:

  • Ribeira Square;
  • English Factory
  • Stock Exchange Palace;
  • Building of the former Customs
  • Building of the Former Court of Appeal Gaol;
  • Building of the former Polytechnic Academy;
  • Santo António Hospital;
  • Carrancas’ Palace;
  • Building of the former Casa Pia.

The neoclassical religious buildings in Porto are the following:

  • Church of Terceiros de São Francisco;
  • Church of Nossa Senhora da Vitória;
  • Church of Trindade;
  • Church of Lapa.

Published 10-09-2013
City of Porto City of Porto
​This is one of Europe's oldest tourist destinations. Its wealth of artistic heritage, Port Wine, open-air leisure spaces and cultural life are just s...
Tours on foot Tours on foot
Sé, Ribeira/ S. Nicolau, Vitória and Miragaia, areas comprised by Porto’s Historical Centre classified World Cultural Heritage, are points of interest...
History History
The conquest of Portucale in 868 by Vímara Peres, a warrior of Alfonso III of Leon, is considered a turning point in the history of Porto. Since the s...
The Dutch The Dutch
Former partnersIn the late Middle Ages there was a regular commercial contact between Porto and the cities of Amsterdam and Rotterdam. Towards these...
Geography and location Geography and location
PortoPorto, with an area of 45km2 and population of about 240 thousand, is the second biggest city in the country. It is known as the capital of the...
The Ways The Ways
​There is a vast network of pilgrimage roads and paths to the shrine of the apostle St. James which snake and consolidate themselves throughout almost...
Pilgrim Pilgrim
The staff, bag and hatThe status of pilgrim is something which applies to the one who “vay peregrinar, o que anda fora da sua patria” (1) or, to be ...
Preparing yourself for the Way Preparing yourself for the Way
​EquipmentFor pilgrims travelling on foot, it is necessary to ensure that your equipment is appropriate for the time of year and suits the physical ...
Tradition Tradition
The Porto inhabitants love to recreate traditions and customs, recovering old practices and ways of living. The popular festivals, food and wine are a...
Great Wine Capitals Network: A world of excellence! Great Wine Capitals Network: A world of excellence!
The  Great Wine Capitals Network (GWC) gathers nine cities with internationally renowned wine regions:Adelaide (Australia)Bilbao (Rioja - Spain)...
Porto Porto's São João
​The São João festivities in Porto already stand as a landmark for life in the city and are experienced by more and more tourists and visitors each ye...
Food Food
Porto’s gastronomy is a mirror of its cultural diversity. There are several stories about it, several legends told from generation to generation, whic...