Jewish Community

Synagogue Kadoorie Mekor Haim (Porto)
Photo:  Comunidade Israelita do PortoAll Rights Reserved

​The presence of the Jewish community in Porto is intertwined with the history of the city, despite the limited material vestiges that attest to this community’s lifestyle and ways of being and feeling. The sites of the former Jewish quarters and synagogues still exist, as well as the places where Jews settled in tents and shops, dedicated to commercial activities. The key zones occupied by the Jewish community include the Pena Ventosa, near the Cathedral; the Praça da Ribeira and its bordering streets, as well as the Largo de S. Domingos and the Rua das Flores, and subsequently the Vitória area, up until Miragaia. In the Campo do Olival, a new Jewish quarter was created, as well as a cemetery, in the Virtudes zone. The expulsion of the Jews and the consequent depopulation of the Jewish Quarter in Olival fundamentally conditioned the vitality of this community, with a major impact on the economic and cultural life of the city of Porto. The presence of Jews in the city was subsequently restricted to a small number of New Christians (converted Jews), including an elite of merchants, bankers and professionals, who repopulated the Vitória area.

With the advent of the Portuguese Republic, this historical tradition was given a new lease of life, and in 1923 the Jewish Community was refounded in Porto, pioneered by Captain Arthur Carlos de Barros Basto.

Access “Porto and the Jews”, a text by the Jewish Community in Porto, at:

Explore the route linked with the history of Jews in Porto, by the Jewish Community in Porto, at:

Refer also to:

 

Published 14-01-2014
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