Portugal

Portugal
Photo:  tisebCC BY-NC-SA - Some Rights Reserved

​Portugal covers an area of 92,094 km2 on the West Coast of Europe/Iberian Peninsula, bordering with Spain in the North and East, and with the Atlantic Ocean on the South and West. Situated perfectly between Europe and America, Portugal also extends to Açores and Madeira, two groups of islands in the Atlantic Ocean. It is a republic governed by a democratic parliament and their official currency is the Euro.

Mainland Portugal is characterized by a mountainous northern and central part, with a flatter terrain in the south of the country. The climate is Mediterranean, with a mild summer in the higher lands of the north and by the sea, in the north and the centre. Autumn and winter are typically windy, rainy and cool, colder in the northern and central regions.

The population is estimated at around 10.5 million, with a greater population density in the coastal zones; Lisbon, the capital, is the country´s most densely populated city, followed by Porto.

The official language is Portuguese, spoken by more than 200 million people worldwide, and of the European languages it is the third most spoken, creating a linguistic gateway for Brazil and Africa. English is spoken by the vast majority of professionals, regardless of whether they are linked to the tourism sector, IR&D or business world. Spanish is also increasingly spoken and understood by people in Portugal.

Portugal has one of the best developed road networks in Europe and 3600km of rail network, with connections running North-South and East/West across the country.

The country is home to 14 airports; the main ones located in Lisbon, Porto and Faro.

There are also 9 main ports, situated in Viana do Castelo and Leixões (North), Aveiro e Figueira da Foz (centre), Lisbon and Setúbal (Lisbon region), Sines (Alentejo), Faro and Portimão (Algarve). Of these, only Lisbon and Leixões take passengers. 

Published 13-09-2013
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